Preventing and Countering (Violent) Extremism in Africa

Course description

Resource Person:DR. MBABAZI VENERANDA

Since September 11, 2001, governments in North America and Europe have been occupied with border control as a means of countering violent extremism. Undoubtedly, violent extremism is increasingly affecting many parts of the world such as Afghanistan, Yemen, Pakistan and Indonesia. In Africa, violent extremist groups such as Boko Haram and Al-Shabab continue to terrorize many parts of the continent and more especially Northern Africa and Eastern Africa respectively.

From a theoretical point of view, this course unit therefore will analyse: The meaning and historical origins of violent extremism. It will also critically examine the Push factors to Violent Extremism such as: lack of socio-economic opportunities, individual socio-psychological factors, ppolitical factors and iindividual background. Pull factors will also be examined which will include: group dynamics, self-esteem and ideological/religious factors. This course unit will also examine: types of violent extremism; pathways to violent extremism; early warning signs of radicalization to extremism groups and strategies and policies to CVE.

Aim:  Building and enhancing the fellows’ skills and capacity in the prevention and countering violent extremism.

Objective:

•       Explain the causes, processes and issues of violent extremism.

•       Assess and classify the various perspectives of Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in Africa.

•       To equip fellows with skills to Prevent & Counter Violent Extremism in Africa.

•       Equipped participants with the tools to reintegrate violent extremists into the community.

Scope: This unit also has the practical component and this will include: fellows visiting individuals that were at one time radicalized, visit people who have been affected by VE; visit organizations that are involved in de-radicalization processes and lastly benchmarking copying methods and human resilience in respect to CVE.

References and Readings

Common Ground Center (2017). Counter- Terrorism Studies, Journal Volume 1, Issue2.

-Romanuik P, Durner T, Et Al (2018). What Drives Violent Extremism in East Africa and How Should Development Actor Respond? Page 160-180, Volume 11, Issue2.

-UNDP, (2012). Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in Africa: A Development Approach, UNDP Regional and Multi- Country Project Document.

-UNDP (2017). Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in Africa: Journal to Extremism In Africa: Drivers, Incentives and the Tipping Point For Recruitment.

-Ali –Koor, (2016). Islamist Extremism in East Africa: Africa Security Brief, African Center for Security Studied, Washington DC, USA.

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